Anthrax is a disease that affects animals such as sheeps, goats and horses. It is also known as woolsorter’s disease or ragpicker’s disease. Humans contact this disease from bacteria named Bacillus anthrax which is present in animals with anthrax infections. This disease has been mentioned in ancient Greek, Roman and Indian literature. In earlier times it was a used as a biological weapon during warfare. However it is not possible to contact this disease from a human i.e. it is not contagious. Mild infections of anthrax can be easily treated but severe infections often prove lethal.
Causes of Anthrax
The primary source of contract of anthrax is through infected animals. Hence vets, farmers and people who work in tanning and wool industry are more prone to this infection.
Modes of Infection
Anthrax infection via skin is also known as cutaneous anthrax. It causes sores on the skin. The spores may enter the body via cuts or broken skin. Antibiotics are generally used to treat cutaneous anthrax.
Bacteria causing anthrax enters through the lungs and multiplies inside. This further infects the blood stream affecting the organ systems. People who handle animal hide and hair are prone to this type of anthrax.
Gastrointestinal anthrax develops on consumption of infected meat. This type of anthrax poisons the entire body leading to death. This is usually difficult to diagnose and results in very high death rate.
The bacterium, on entering the body, may stay dormant until it sprouts. The incubation period is around one to six days. It releases toxic substances in the bloodstream causing swelling and internal bleeding.
Types of Anthrax
- Cutaneous Anthrax
- Inhalation Anthrax
- Gastrointestinal Anthrax
- Oropharyngeal Anthrax
- Septicemic Anthrax
- Anthrax Meningitis
Symptoms of Anthrax
Depending on the mode and site of infection, the symptoms of anthrax varies. The following are the symptoms of cutaneous anthrax,
- Sores like a red-brown raised spots on the arms
- Swelling around the sores
- Sores appear on the neck causing breathing difficulties
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Muscle ache
- Breathing difficulty
- Skin turning bluish
- Chest pain
- Excessive sweating
- Blood in stools
- Vomiting blood
Diagnosis of Anthrax
Anthrax can be diagnosed accurately using various tests given as follows,
- Skin culture or skin biopsy
- Blood test
- Chest X-Ray
- CT Scan
- Spinal Tap
- Sputum Culture
- Fluid and blood test
- PCR, immunofluorescence and immunohistochemistry tests
Natural Ways to Cure Anthrax
The following are the natural ways to cure anthrax which are safe and carry no side-effects.
Wintergreen essential oil has great oxygenating properties. It is very useful when discomfort in bones and muscles are experienced during the course of disease. It can be used by diluting it in any base oil like olive oil or coconut oil and apply to the soles of the feet. Few drops of wintergreen oil can also be added to body wash and used daily.
2. White Fir
White fir is one of the popular natural cures for anthrax. It has oxygenating as well as anti-septic properties which makes it ideal for use in bacterial and viral infections. White fir essential oil can be used by diluting it with other base oils such as olive oil and apply on the palms. This aromatherapy is highly beneficial when used regularly for certain amount of time.
3. Thyme and Melissa
Thyme and Melissa are potent herbs with high anti-bacterial properties. People suffering from anthrax infection must use extracts of thyme and Melissa in the form of capsules. Take 12 drops of thyme and 1 drop of Melissa in a capsule and consume 3 of these capsules every day. Follow this remedy continuously for 10 days and then take a break for 48 hours before continuing to take it. It can also be used as massage oil by mixing few drops of essential oil in the base oil.
Spruce essential oil has strong oxygenating properties which supports the respiratory system and the nervous system. It is generally used in aromatherapy to cure depressing and improve mental agility. It has the ability to improve the emotional levels by opening all emotional blocks. Diffuse and apply on the infected areas. It can also be added while cooking rice or taken along with milk.
5. Idaho Tansy
Idaho Tansy is an essential oil that stimulated the immune system and can eb applied directly on the cuts and wounds. For deeper wounds, this can be mixed along with rose oil and applied on the skin. It provides protection against viral infections. It can be used to massage the feet for providing strength to the muscles and improve efficacy. But this essential oil is not recommended to be taken orally as it is very strong. Patients with epilepsy and pregnant women can skip this remedy as it is unsuitable for them.
Garlic has natural antibiotic properties due to the presence of number of sulfur compounds such as vitamins, minerals, calcium, potassium, zinc, etc. This also helps in strengthening the immune system and improves the functions of white blood corpuscles. It inhibits the production if toxins due to its bactericidal and bacteriostatic properties. It inhibits the harmful bacteria and virus entering body from replicating further. Consuming 3-4 cloves of raw garlic every morning on empty stomach helps in fighting the anthrax infection from within the body.
7. Wild Indigo
Wild Indigo roots possess high medicinal value and are used as a natural antibiotic. It produced glycoproteins and polysaccharides which help in stimulating the immune system. Studies have found that wild indigo roots are effective in fighting against various bacterial and viral infections. It inhibits the bacterial growth and hence proven to be effective in treating anthrax. In the oral form, wild indigo tinctures can be taken to see at least 30%-40% increase in white blood cells in just few hours.
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