Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is developmental neuropsychiatric disorder that affects both children and adults. It is developed in childhood and may carry for a longer period. It occurs in both males and females but studies have shown that males have higher chances of getting this disease. The key behaviors of ADHD are inattention, hyperactivity and impulsiveness.
Symptoms of ADHD
The following are the signs and symptoms of ADHD.
- Difficulty in paying attention
- Frequent Daydreaming
- Difficulty in following instructions
- Forgetting things easily
- Problems organizing tasks or activities
- Easily distracted
- Difficulty in remaining seated
- Bored easily
- Talking excessively
The above given symptoms may lessen with age in case of some people while some of them may outgrow the symptoms of ADHD.
Causes of ADHD
The exact cause of ADHD is not clear but the following factors may contribute to the disease according to research.
- Environmental factors
- Central Nervous System (CNS) problem
- Exposure to environmental toxins
- Maternal drug usage
- Smoking and drugs during pregnancy
- Maternal exposure to environmental poisons
- Premature birth
Diagnosis and Treatment for ADHD
It is important to follow up with the doctor in case any of the symptoms are prominently seen. The most effective way to combat ADHD is by medicines and drugs. Along with this, certain lifestyle changes and home remedies can also be used to see improvement in the condition.
Natural Ways to Cure ADHD
Regular exercise and workouts are extremely beneficial for combating stress, anxiety, depression, negative affect and behavior, poor impulse control and compulsive behavior concomitant with improved executive functioning and better memory. This was stated in a study published in the journal Neurotoxicity Research. It is also suggested by the experts that working out in open and green spaces boost the brain function of the people suffering from ADHD. At least 30 minutes of intense activities like bike riding, swimming, swinging and playing ball must be incorporated in the children’s daily lifestyle. Enrolling children in sports activities that uses various types of body movements are also beneficial. Some examples of such exercises are gymnastics, dancing, martial arts and ice skating. It is also necessary to take children for a walk, jog or strength-training exercises.
2. Yoga and Tai Chi
Yoga and Tai Chi are highly beneficial for patients of ADHD. It consists of deep relaxation techniques that helps in combat stress and strengthens the Central Nervous System (CNS). The physical postures known as asanas are extremely beneficial when it comes to curing any physical and mental disorder in the body. Breathing exercises like Pranayama helps in calming down the mind and helps in improving the concentration levels in children. According to a study published in the Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, children who attend Tai Chi classes twice a week displayed less anxiety, improves conduct, less daydreaming and less hyperactivity. Before enrolling your children in these classes, it is important to seek expert advises to know which movements and therapies would benefit them in this condition.
3. Diet and Nutrition
Diet plays an important role in curing any type of ailments. A well-balanced diet can improve memory, sharpen reflexes and enjoy a better attention-span. Hence children suffering from ADHD must be given proper diet and nutrition. Food rich in protein like egg, fish, beans, soy and dairy products in the daily diet, helps the children in staying focused by increasing the production of dopamine. Complex carbohydrate food that is high in fiber and low in sugar, such as whole grains, helps in stabilizing the blood sugar levels. Magnesium rich food like spinach, Swiss Chard, pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds, cashews, soya beans and black beans helps in reducing irritability, increases the attention span and lessens mental confusions. Also food rich in Vitamin B6 has similar effects on the brain. Some of the best foods to consume to combat ADHD symptoms are avocados, bananas, spinach, prunes and nuts. Low-levels of zinc in the body are also one of the reasons for ADHD so zinc-rich foods like oysters, liver, cheese, sesame seeds and peanuts must be consumed regularly.
Massage has positive effects on the body and mind for the person affected with ADHD. It is found that 20 minutes of massage twice a week has great impact on the mood and behavior. Massage oils like olive oil, sesame oil, etc can be used for this purpose. Slightly warm the oil before use for better penetration into the child’s skin. Massage well from head to toe and let it soak for few minutes. Use a warm towel, wipe off the oil from the body or it can be followed by a hot shower.
Chamomile is the most commonly used herb to treat ADHD. Its soothing and mind-calming properties help in regulating the mood and attention, thus reducing hyperactivity. You can make a tea by steeping one spoon of dried chamomile flowers in a cup of hot water for 5-10 minutes. You can also add some honey before drinking it. This should be taken before going to the bed.
6. Fish Oil
Fish oil is very helpful for both children and adults with ADHD symptoms. When the body lacks certain polyunsaturated fatty acids, it leads to neurodevelopmental and psychiatric disorders such as ADHD and dyslexia. Fish oil supplements with higher omega-3 fatty acids (EPA) and omega-6 fatty acids (DHA) must be taken to improve memory and concentration. Also include natural sources of these nutrients such as salmons, sardines, trouts and other cold-water fishes. Pumpkin seeds, flaxseeds also consists good amount of omega-3 fatty acids.
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