Prostate gland is a small, muscular structure in the male reproductive system. It surrounds the urethra just below the urinary bladder and adds fluid to semen to allow sperm mobility.
Enlarged Prostate ate is also known as Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH). It is a disorder that generally affects men above the age of 50 years. It is not similar to prostate cancer. As the age increases, the cells of the gland begin to multiply. This leads to an enlarged prostate. However, the exact cause for the same is not known until today. Change in the male sex hormone due to age may be one of the prime reasons for the enlarged prostate.
Risk Factors for Enlarged Prostate
The following are the various risk factors for the enlargement of prostate gland. It is also commonly seen in Asian men when compared to other races.
- Family history
- Heart disease
Symptoms of Enlarged Prostate
The following are the various signs and symptoms of an enlarged prostate.
- Frequent urge to urinate
- Increased frequency of urination at night
- Trouble starting a stream of urine
- Weak urine stream
- Continued dribbling of urine
- Feeling of incomplete bladder emptying
When left untreated, this may block the urine out of the bladder leading to other complications given as follows,
- Urinary retention
- Bladder stones
- Kidney damage
Various treatments and therapies are available to treat enlarged prostate. Medications, therapies and surgery can be done to treat this condition along with certain home remedies.
Home Remedies for Enlarged Prostate
1. Kegel Exercises
Kegel exercises are also known as pelvic-strengthening exercises which are helpful in easing the discomfort due to enlarged prostate. It tightens and clenches specific pelvic muscles that control urine.
What to Do?
- Empty your bladder and lie on the floor with your knees bent and apart
- Tighten your pelvic floor muscles for 5 seconds, then relax them for 5 seconds
- Repeat 10 to 20 times, 3 or 4 times each day
- Pelvic floor muscles are the muscles you use to stop your urine flow.
- Another option is to squeeze the muscles in your anus, then relax your pelvic floor muscles
- Do it 10 to 20 times, a few times a day
- Regularly perform Kegel exercises after waking up in the morning, lunchtime, in the evening and before going to bed
- Target the pelvic muscles only and avoid tightening the stomach, thighs and buttocks muscles
Men suffering from chronic prostatitis or chronic pelvic syndrome must avoid doing Kegel exercises.
2. Aerobic and Resistance Exercises
Men with enlarged prostate must perform aerobic and resistance exercises. Inactivity contributes to obesity which is one of the prime reasons for enlarged prostate. Even little amount of aerobic and resistance exercise can help in reducing urinary problems caused by an enlarged prostate.
What to Do?
- Aerobic exercises can help you maintain a healthy weight
- Incorporate aerobic exercises like walking, jogging, running, tennis, basketball and rowing in your daily routine
- Resistance exercises help improve strength and muscle tone, while reducing inflammation
- Examples of resistance exercises are swimming, push-ups and lifting weights
- Do these for 30 minutes, a few times a week
3. Sitz Bath
Sitz bath is a soothing and effective remedy for patients with enlarged prostate. It helps in relaxing the pelvic muscles, reduce swelling and promotes healing. Cold bath is also equally effective in easing the pain during enlarged prostate conditions.
What to Do?
- Fill one bathtub with warm water and add ½ cup of Epsom salt to it
- Fill another bathtub with cold water and add a few drops of lavender essential oil to it
- First, sit in the bathtub with hot water up to your waist for 3 minutes
- Next, sit in the bathtub with cold water up to your waist for 1 minute
- Do this 2 more times. The last bath should always be in the cool water
- Enjoy a sitz bath a few times each week
This remedy should not be followed by patients with bacterial prostatitis.
4. Stinging Nettle
Stinging nettle is also effective in reducing the BPH symptoms. The root of this plant contains essential bioactive phytochemicals that help in shrinking the enlarged prostate tissue. It is also a natural diuretic which encourages the elimination of inflammatory wastes through urination.
What to Do?
- Add 1 teaspoon of dried nettle leaves to a cup of hot water
- Steep for 10 minutes, then strain it
- Drink this tea 2 or 3 times daily
- You can also take a stinging nettle supplement
- The usual amount is 300 mg daily
- Always consult a doctor before taking a supplement for the correct dosage for your condition
5. Corn Silk
Corn silk is a time-tested remedy to fight off symptoms of prostate enlargement. It acts as a natural diuretic and helps relax the urinary muscles and lining. This leads to improved urine flow.
What to Do?
- Put the silk of 6 ears of fresh corn in 4 cups of water
- Bring it to a boil, then simmer for another 10 minutes
- Strain and drink up to 3 cups of this corn silk tea a day
- Another option is to add 15 drops of corn silk extract to 1 cup of water
- Drink it a few times a day until there is relief
6. Apple Cider Vinegar
Raw, unfiltered apple cider vinegar has astringent properties that help in shrinking the prostate gland tissues. It also helps in weight loss for those who are obese. It prevents the complications of enlarged prostate like UTIs.
What to Do?
- Mix 1 to 2 tablespoons of raw, unfiltered apple cider vinegar and 1 tablespoon of honey in a glass of warm water
- Drink it twice daily for a few weeks
- Another option is to add 1 cup of apple cider vinegar to a bathtub of water
- Soak in it for 10 to 15 minutes
- Enjoy this soothing bath a few times a week
The above home remedies must be done only after consulting the physician.
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