Dengue is caused by the virus called DENV-1 which is carried by the mosquitoes. It is popularly known as the “breakbone fever” as the symptoms are quite severe. It may not seem to be a life-threatening disease in early stage, but when left untreated, it can develop several complications that results in dengue hemorrhagic fever. The final stage of this fever is death, hence it is important to consult the doctor and get it diagnosed at the early stage itself.
The people affected by dengue fever have two concerns. They are,
- Low level of blood platelets
- Leakage of blood plasma
Complications of hemorrhagic fever
The following are the complications of dengue hemorrhagic fever,
- Liver enlargement
- Improper functioning of circulatory system
- Damage to blood and lymph vessels
- Bleeding gums and nose
Another possibility of dengue fever is the development into dengue shock syndrome (DSS). In this stage, the patient suffers from extreme low blood pressure, shock and ultimately death.
Dengue fever attacks people with low immunity, because the body’s resistance to disease causing organisms is very low. Such people may develop complications like dengue hemorrhagic fever. According to a survey conducted across the globe, around 96 million dengue cases are reported each year. The regions where this dreaded disease has affected the people most are as follows,
- South East Asia
- Southern China
- The Pacific Islands
- Central America
- South America
Causes of Dengue Fever
The mosquito of the genus Aedes transmits dengue fever. It can be of several types and can be transmitted from a dengue-infected person to a normal person if the mosquito bites him or her. The following are the main causes of dengue fever,
- Water-filled cans
- Plastic bags
- Water-filled flower pots
- Rainy season
- Water-coagulated pits
- Unhygienic dwelling place
Symptoms of Dengue Fever
The symptoms of dengue fever can be noticed within 3 to 6 days or 15 days after being infected. The following are the symptoms of dengue fever,
- Pain in movement of eyes
- Low backache
- Loss of appetite
- Very high fever upto 104 degree Fahrenheit
- Bradycardia or low heart rate
- Hypotension or low blood pressure
- Reddening of the eyes
- Swollen lymph nodes in groin and neck
- Extreme muscle and joint pain
- Skin rashes
Home Remedies for Dengue Fever
The home remedies for dengue fever may not be the permanent fix for the issue, but it can treat the condition at early developmental stage. It can also help in lessening the fever and severity of the symptoms. It is always advised to consult the doctor and start proper treatment along with these home remedies.
1. Papaya Leaf Juice
Papaya leaf juice remedy is one of the recent discovered medicines that claim to cure dengue fever. Even the researches have proved that this remedy is beneficial in treating dengue fever. Papaya leaves contains enzymes such as papain and chymopapain, which helps in normalizing the platelet count, improves liver function, helps in blood clotting and heals the damaged liver.
How to Use?
- Cut fresh papaya leaves into slices after removing the veins
- Add 10ml of cold water in the leaves and grind the mixture
- Strain the juice and drink it at least four times a day
- Pregnant and breastfeeding mothers must avoid this remedy as papaya leaves induces menstruation
- People with allergies such as latex allergy or papain allergy must avoid this remedy
2. Green Chiretta
Green chiretta or Andrographis paniculata has maximum antiviral inhibitory effects on DENV-1. It contains a lot of medicinal components like diterpenoids, flavonoids, diterpene glycosides, flavonoid glycosides and lactones. It also has methanolic extracts in large proportion which is proven to be highly effective against dengue virus. It is used along with the following herbs,
- Green chiretta (or Andrographis paniculata)
- Chrysopogon zizanioides
- Coleus vettiveroides roots (or Plectranthus vettiveroides)
- Licorice (or Glycyrrhiza glabra)
- Snake gourd (or Trichosanthes cucumerina)
- Nut grass (or Cyperus rotundus)
- Dried ginger
- Black pepper (or Piper nigrum)
- Indian sandalwood (Santalum album)
How to Use?
- Take half teaspoon of each herb and add it in 2 to 3 cups of water
- Boil for 10 minutes at simmer
- Strain and drink one cup when it is warm
- Drink this tea twice a day to notice any improvement in the condition
- Pregnant, breastfeeding women, people with hypertension, liver disorders, ulcers, acne low potassium levels and bleeding disorders must avoid this remedy
3. Neem Leaves
Neem leaves help in increasing the blood platelet count and the white blood cells. It consist of azadirachtin which has insecticidal property and several other compounds such as salannin, deactyl-azadirachtinol, etc. Neem has great anti-fungal and analgesic properties that stimulate the immune system.
How to Use?
- Take a handful of neem leaves and grind it along with cold water
- Strain the mixture and obtain the juice
- Drink 10ml of this jucie three to four times a day
- You may also consider taking neem supplements after consulting the doctor
4. Basil Leaves
Basil or tulsi has enormous benefits to the body. It can reduce the symptoms of dengue fever effectively. It is rich is flavonoids such as vicenin and orientin, which protects the cells. It has high magnesium content that promotes cardiovascular health by relaxing the blood vessels and regulating irregular heartbeat.
How to Use?
- Make basil tea by steeping one teaspoon of dried basil leaves in a cup of hot water for 10 minutes
- You may also use fresh basil leaves and boil it in a cup of water for 10 minutes
- Strain the mixture and drink it four to five times a day
- You may also chew 15 basil leaves three times a day
- Also, you may consider taking basil supplements after consulting the doctor
The above remedies are tried and tested and found to be very effective in lessening the severity of dengue fever in the early stage itself. These prescriptions must be taken after consulting the doctor and learning about their dosages as it may interfere with any of the prescribed medicines.
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