A sprain is basically an injury injury which is not superficial. It’s usually in the ligaments. This can be due to any physical trauma or moving the joint move beyond the possible range of motion. Ligaments are those tissues that connect two bones at a joint. In case of injury in the tendons, it’s known as strain. Tendons connect muscles to bones.
The severity of sprain ranges from a minor injury which resolves in a few days to a major rupture of one or more ligaments requiring surgical fixation and a period of immobilisation. Sprains can occur in any joint but are most common in the ankle and wrist.
Decreased ability to move the limb
If a ligament ruptures, one may hear a popping sound
Difficulty using the affected extremity
Sprains typically occur when the joint is taken beyond its functional range of motion.
There are certain factors which increase risk of sprains. Fatigue of muscles generally leads to sprains. When one suddenly starts to exercise after a sedentary lifestyle, sprains are quite common. While scientific studies are lacking, it is often thought that not warming-up is a common cause of sprains in athletes. Warming-up is thought to loosen the joint, increases blood flow and makes the joint more flexible.
A diagnosis of sprain can be made by physical examination by the physician. In cases when the injury is not very apparent, then imaging procedures can be adopted like X-rays which can help ensure the presence or absence of fractures. In some cases, particularly if the injury is prolonged or does not appear to be resolving as expected, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is performed to look at surrounding soft tissues and the ligament.
In case of a sprained body part, you should follow the R.I.C.E method of treatment. It’s described as follows:
Rest the injured limb and protect it from all forms of trauma. A splint or a brace can be very useful for this purpose. Avoid all forms of activity using the injured limb for 48 to 72 hours.
It’s always a good idea to ice the area. Be careful though, do not use the ice cubes directly onto the sprained surface. Warp it around a cloth and then use it as a compress. Icing should be done as soon as possible since delaying will make its effectiveness diminished.
Compress the area with an elastic wrap or bandage. Compression wraps or sleeves made from elastic or neoprene are best.
Elevate the injured limb above your heart whenever possible to help prevent or limit swelling.
Home Remedies For Sprains
There are simple home remedies for sprains here, which will help you with instant relief and comfort.
Lemon grass is filled with anti-bacterial, anti-septic, analgesic, astringent and fungicidal properties. These help relieve the pain in joints and muscles associated with the sprain. One part of lemon grass oil and four parts of olive oil should be taken and mixed well. Use this lotion to massage on the sprained body part. Repeat twice or thrice daily. It is one of the best home remedies for sprains.
Arnica is extensively used for strengthening our joints and muscles. It also increases circulation and prevents bruises. Gently massage the sprained ankle with arnica essential oil and wrap it with a bandage. Leave it for 5 hours. Repeat the same process after a few hours. Alternatively, use arnica ointment or balm thrice a day. Care should be taken though by people who have sensitive skin. Arnica can lead cause problems so a patch test should be carried out first.
Turmeric is a popular spice used extensively used in Indian cuisines. Apart from giving food a unique flavor, it also soothes sprained muscles and joints. Besides the anti- inflammatory properties of turmeric, it also prevents blood clotting, improves the circulation, and treats skin and digestive issues. It is one of the best home remedies for sprains.
Add one tablespoon of lime juice and two tablespoons of turmeric powder to make a thick paste. Use this paste on the affected part and cover it with a bandage. Keep it for 10 hours. Follow this remedy for a week and repeat the same procedure after every 10 hours.
Olive oil contains certain phenolic compounds that alleviate the inflammation and expedite the healing process. Take a teaspoon full of olive oil. Heat it up and allow it to cool. Now, apply lukewarm oil on the painful area and massage it for a few minutes. Do this thrice a day to relax your muscles. A great home remedy for sprains.
Being anti-inflammatory in nature, onions can help treat the sprained ankles by decreasing the pain. Take one large sized onion and put it in the refrigerator for 2 hours. Afterwards, cut it into small pieces and mix a spoon full of salt. Mix them properly. Put this mixture on the sore ankle and seal it with a plastic bandage. After 8 hours, replace this mixture with a new one. Follow this home remedy for sprains till you feel relieved.
Garlic is also known for its anti-inflammatory properties. Besides, it strengthens the body and accelerates the recovery process. Take one tsp of garlic oil and mix it with one tsp of almond oil. Massage on the sprained area at least thrice a day. One of the best home remedies for sprains.
Epsom salt is loaded with magnesium which makes it an excellent cure for the sprained ankle. The crystal in epsom salt effectively soothes the sore muscles. Take one cup of epsom salt and pour it into the lukewarm bath water. Mix it well with your hand to dissolve the salt particles in the water. Immerse your ankle in this water for at least half an hour. Follow this remedy 2 times a day for around three days.
Using cabbage and compressing on the affected area can heal the sprained part very easily. First of all remove the outer leaves of cabbage. Take a rolling pin and crush the leaves to get the juice. Warm the cabbage leaves in the oven by covering them in foil. Avoid overheating. Place the lukewarm cabbage leaves over the affected area. Use a gauze bandage to secure them. In order to maintain the warmth, cover the entire area with a plastic wrap. Keep it for 30 minutes. Use this home remedy for sprains two times a day for at least 2 days.
Castor oil mainly contains ricinoleic acid which is anti-inflammatory in nature. It is a triglyceride that has been used for decades to get relief from sprained ankles. Pour some castor oil in a container. Fold up a cotton cloth to make a thick pad. Dip this pad in the castor oil container. Afterwards, place it on the affected part and wrap it with a plastic tape. Fill a bottle with hot water and place it on the castor oil pack for 30 minutes. In addition, elevate your ankle for a few minutes. After half an hour remove the pack and massage with the remaining oil. Do this thrice a day, for at least two days. One of the best home remedies for sprains.
Coconut oil is rich source of “Medium Chain Fatty Acids”. Injuries to muscles and tendons and tendons can be healed very rapidly using MCFAs. Take some coconut oil in a sauce pan and heat it. Now take this heated oil and dip a cotton ball into it. Use this cotton to apply the oil on the affected area and slowly massage that part. One of the best home remedies for sprains.
Use these simple and effective home remedies for sprains for instant relief and comfort from your pain.