Prickly heat is also known by the scientific name of “Miliaria”. It’s a skin disease in which tiny and itchy rashes appear on the skin. This is generally seen in regions of the world which have hot and humid climate like the tropical regions and gets more intense during the summer season. Although it affects people of all ages, it is especially common in children and infants due to their underdeveloped sweat glands.
These rashes are small, red raised spots on the skin that cause a prickling sensation upon touching them. Although they can appear anywhere and are not restricted to these parts, prickly heat usually affects parts of the body covered by clothes, such as the back, abdomen, neck, upper chest, groin or armpits.
They develop when blocked pores (sweat ducts) trap perspiration under your skin. Symptoms range from superficial blisters to deep, red lumps. Some forms of heat rash feel prickly or intensely itchy.
These heat rash usually clear on their own. Severe forms of heat rash may need medical care, but the best way to relieve symptoms is to cool your skin and prevent sweating.
The most visible symptom are the tiny, needle like rashes themselves. These rashes, also known as papules are itchy and cause a prickling sensation which can lead to a lot of discomfort when wearing some type of clothing over the affected skin.
These may simultaneously occur at a number of areas on a sufferer’s body, the most common including the upper chest, neck, elbow creases, under the breasts and under the scrotum. Other areas include skin folds, areas of the body that may rub against clothing, such as the back, chest, and stomach, etc. A related and sometimes simultaneous condition is folliculitis, where hair follicles become plugged with foreign matter, resulting in inflammation.
A related and sometimes simultaneous condition is folliculitis, where hair follicles become plugged with foreign matter, resulting in inflammation.
There are a few different types when it come to heat rash. They are classified on the basis of how deep the blocked sweat ducts are. They are enumerated below:
1) Miliaria Crystallina
This is the most mild form of heat rash. The are also the most superficial obstruction meaning they don’t go deep beneath the skin. This form is marked by clear, fluid-filled blisters and bumps (papules) that break easily.
2) Miliaria Rubra
This type of rash occurs much deeper within the skin. This is actually the type of rash that is called “prickly heat” and is the most common type of rash that is encountered in majority of cases. In this type of obstruction, sweat leakes into the deeper layers of the epidermis, provoking a local inflammatory reaction and giving rise to the typical appearance of redness (hence rubra) and larger (but still only a few millimetres), blister-like lesions.
3) Miliaria Profunda
This is the most severe form of miliaria. This is also sometimes referred to as wildfire due to the rapid spread of this type. The obstruction is located deep in the structure of the sweat gland, causing the gland’s secretions to leak between the superficial and deep layers of the skin. The rash, and associated symptoms, tend to appear within hours of an activity provoking sweating but similarly fade within hours when the stimulus for the sweating is removed. Miliaria profunda is characterised by non-pruritic, flesh-colored, deep-seated, whitish papules
Heat rashes occur when some of your sweat gets trapped in your ducts. Instead of evaporating, the perspiration gets trapped within the skin causing inflammation and rash. It’s not always clear why the sweat ducts become blocked, but certain factors seem to play a role. They are:
Immature Sweat Ducts
A newborn’s sweat ducts aren’t fully developed. They can rupture more easily, trapping perspiration beneath the skin. Heat rash can develop in the first week of life, especially if the infant is being warmed in an incubator, is dressed too warmly or has a fever.
Hot, humid weather can cause heat rash.
Intense exercise, hard work or any activity that causes you to sweat heavily can lead to heat rash.
Overheating in general — dressing too warmly or sleeping under an electric blanket — can lead to heat rash.
Prolonged Bed Rest
Heat rash can also occur in people who are confined to bed for long periods, especially if they have a fever.
No special type of diagnosis is required for this condition since its physically apparent. The doctor can make the necessary conclusions just by looking at the rashes.
Home Remedies For Prickly Heat
Use these simple prickly heat remedies for easy and safe riddance from prickly heat.
Oatmeal apart from being a light food delicacy also works wonders against prickly heat rashes. Prepare and oatmeal bath and soak yourself in it for 15-20 minutes. Also gently scrubbing the affected area is advised. It exfoliates the skin and clears up the blocked sweat ducts. Use these simple prickly heat remedies for effective cure.
Aloe Vera Gel
This wonder plant has tremendous medicinal properties especially for the skin. It has both anti-bacterial as well as anti-septic properties which help soothe the skin and cure any rashes that may occur. It will help alleviate the inflammation and also ease the redness. This is the best prickly heat remedy for you.
Make a thick paste of chickpea flour using some water. Apply the paste onto the affected part and let it stand for about 15 minutes. Use cool water to wash off the paste. This home remedy will provide relief from the itching and prickling sensation.
Fuller’s earth, also known as Multani mitti in the Indian subcontinent, has long been used for treating prickly heat. Take four tablespoons of Fuller’s earth and mix a few drops of rose water to make a paste. Apply the paste on the affected areas and wash off with cold water after about three hours. A soothing and gentle natural prickly heat remedy for you.
The anti-bacterial properties of baking or cooking soda help in preventing infections at the site, while soothing the skin. Make a mild solution of baking soda with some cool water. Dip a clean, soft, washcloth in the solution and gently rub on the affected portions of the skin to heal prickly heat. It is one of the best prickly heat remedies for you.
Use these simple and natural prickly heat remedies for enjoying a better health and the best of your season. Stay healthy and live happy.