Callus is also known as callosity which corresponds to a toughened skin area that has become thick and hard due to repeated friction, pressure or other irritation. It usually develops on the feet. It is seen in the bottoms of the feet and the underside of the big toe. Sometimes calluses also develop on the hands, fingers or other parts of the body where there is repeated friction. The major factors for the calluses developing on the feet are,
- Dry skin
- Too much friction in one particular area
- Repeated rubbing caused by ill-fitted shoes
- High-heeled shoes
- Foot deformities
- Wearing shoes or sandals without socks
- Poor blood circulation to the feet
Symptoms of Calluses
The following are the visible symptoms of calluses,
- Thick and hardened skin
- Flaky skin
- Dry yellow skin patches
- Painless bumpy structures
- Less sensitive to touch
However, calluses can cause discomfort when any sort of pressure is applied to it while walking. It may cause a throbbing pain or burning sensation. This problem is not too critical but if it left untreated, it may lead to several skin problems such as skin ulceration or infection and cause tenderness, pain and swelling in the feet. Usually it heals by itself when the source of friction or pressure is eliminated. It can also be treated at home with some simple home remedies. People with diabetes, must consult the doctor before trying any of the below given home remedies.
Home Remedies to Treat Calluses
The following are the various home remedies to treat foot calluses. It can also be applied to callus formed in any other part of the body.
1. Epsom Salt Soak
One of the most effective and easiest ways to treat foot calluses is soaking the feet in a tub of warm water mixed with epsom salt. This will help in soften the area. Further scrubbing will make it easier for the hard skin to shred off. It also helps in keeping the feet infection free.
How to Use?
- In a hot water tub, out some epsom salt and stir thoroughly
- Soak the feet in this solution for 10-15 minutes
- Using a pumice stone, rub the affected area in circular motion
- Wash the feet with clean water to remove the dead cells
- Pat dry and apply a good quality foot lotion
- Repeat this remedy 3-4 times a week until the callus is completed removed
2. Apple cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar is another great ingredient that helps in curing callus from the feet. It has anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties that help in getting rid of the harmful bacterial and fungal growth in the feet. In addition to this, apple cider vinegar also helps in soften the hard skin and speeds up the healing process.
How to Use?
- Soak a cotton ball in apple cider vinegar and tape it to the callus before going to bed
- The next morning, exfoliate the affected are with pumice stone
- Keep the area moisturized by applying some olive oil or coconut oil
- Repeat once daily until the callus is gone
3. Baking Soda
Baking soda has natural exfoliating properties and hence makes a good remedy for calluses. The crystals in baking soda help in exfoliating the hardened skin.
How to Use?
- Add three teaspoons of baking soda to a tub filled with warm water
- Stir thoroughly and soak the feet in it for at least 10 minutes
- Wash the feet and scrub the softened area with a pumice stone
- Alternatively, you may also make a paste using three parts of baking soda in one part of water
- Apply this paste on the callus and massage it for few minutes
- Wash off the paste and gently remove the dead skin cells using a pumice stone
- Follow this remedy at least once daily until the callus is completely removed
Aspirin is an over-the-counter drug that has other benefits too. It can help in softening the hardened skin around the callus. Also it will alleviate the discomfort caused by the callus.
How to Use?
- Crush five or six aspirin tablets into powder
- Add one-half teaspoon of lemon juice and one-fourth teaspoon of water to the powder to make a paste
- Apply this paste to the affected area and cover it with a plastic bag
- Wrap it with warm towel for 10 minutes
- Remove the covering and wash off the area with warm water
- Scrape off the dead skin cells using pumice stone
- Repeat once daily for a few days
5. Bread and Vinegar
A paste of bread and distilled vinegar is another great home remedy for removing calluses. This paste helps in softening the skin as well as keeps the area infection-free.
How to Use?
- Soak the feet in warm water and rub the dead skin with pumice stone
- Clean and pat dry the feet
- Soak a half slice of bread in one-half cup of white distilled vinegar
- Put the soaked bread over the callus and wrap it with a bandage
- Leave it overnight and the next morning remove the bandage
- Apply some moisturizing lotion and massage till it gets absorbed
- Repeat daily at night until the results are noticed
Lemon has strong anti-bacterial property that helps in getting rid of foot infection like callus. Lemon juice and lemon peel can be used for treating calluses. The acidic nature of lemon helps in uprooting the callus quickly thereby alleviating the pain and discomfort.
How to Use?
- Place a small piece of lemon peel over the callus and put a bandage around it to keep it in place
- The next morning, replace the peel with a fresh one
- Repeat this process daily until the callus is gone
- Also you can soak a cotton ball in lemon juice and apply directly on the affected area
- Secure it with bandage until the next morning and then change the cotton ball with a new one soaked in lemon juice
- Continue this until there is no trace of callus on the foot or any other part of the body
The above home remedies are extremely beneficial in removing callus and reduce the chances of recurrence. If the problem still persists, it is better to consult a doctor and get it treated accordingly.
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