Tinnitus is condition in which the person can hear strange sounds even when no such external factors exist. The sounds are generally described as ringing in nature but can also be like a hiss, roar and clicking noise.
There are two types of tinnitus:
1) Subjective tinnitus
It is tinnitus only you can hear. This is the most common type of tinnitus. It can be caused by ear problems in your outer, middle or inner ear. It also can be caused by problems with the hearing/auditory nerves or the part of your brain that interprets nerve signals as sound.
2) Objective tinnitus
It is tinnitus your doctor can hear when he or she does an examination. This rare type of tinnitus may be caused by a blood vessel problem, a middle ear bone condition or muscle contractions.
Tinnitus in itself is not a condition but its more of a symptom of an underlying condition such as old age, ear injury and circulatory system disorders.
Although tinnitus is often associated with hearing loss, it does not cause the loss, nor does a hearing loss cause tinnitus. In fact, some people with tinnitus experience no difficulty hearing, and in a few cases they even become so acutely sensitive to sound (hyperacusis) that they must take steps to muffle or mask external noises.
The most common symptoms are the irritating sounds that people can hear ringing in their ears. These sounds can be ringing, hissing, roaring, buzzing, clicking in nature.
The sound may be soft or loud, low pitched or high pitched and appear to be coming from one ear or both. Most of the time, it comes on gradually. In some people, the sound causes depression, anxiety or interferes with concentration.
Most people suffering from tinnitus also can suffer from hearing loss. They cannot hear sounds even if they are at the same frequency as the “phantom sounds” that keep ringing in their ears.
The most common causes are as follows:
1) Hearing Loss Due To Age
With increasing age, the chances of tinnitus occurring are increased manifolds. This generally starts at the age of 60. The medical term for this type of hearing loss is presbycusis.
2) Noise Pollution
If the ear is subjected to loud noises then for prolonged periods of time, such as iPods, mp3 players etc then it can lead to hearing loss ultimately culminating into tinnitus.
3) Earwax blockage
Earwax protects your ear canal by trapping dirt and slowing the growth of bacteria. When too much earwax accumulates, it becomes too hard to wash away naturally, causing hearing loss or irritation of the eardrum, which can lead to tinnitus.
4) Changing of ear bone structure
Stiffening of the bones in your middle ear (otosclerosis) may affect your hearing and cause tinnitus. This condition, caused by abnormal bone growth, tends to run in families.
5) Meniere’s disease
Tinnitus can be an early indicator of Meniere’s disease, an inner ear disorder that may be caused by abnormal inner ear fluid pressure.
Diagnosis for tinnitus usually is started with an audiogram which is an audiological evaluation known as an ‘audiogram’, measurement of acoustic parameters of the tinnitus, like pitch and amplitude (loudness). After that the person is tested for psychological factors that crop up in people suffering from tinnitus like depression, anxiety and stress.
These are the general methods to be followed for making a diagnosis:
1) Audiological Exam
In this procedure, the person is made to sit in a soundproof room wearing headphones through which specific sounds will be played into one single ear at a time. If the person can distinguish that sounds, the results will be monitored and then compared to that of normal people.
Your doctor may ask you to move your eyes, clench your jaw, or move your neck, arms and legs. If your tinnitus changes or worsens, it may help identify an underlying disorder that needs treatment.
3) Imaging tests
Depending on the suspected cause of your tinnitus, you may need imaging tests such as CT or MRI scans.
Since tinnitus is more of a symptom and not really a disease in traditional sense, therefore if there is no underlying factor that causes tinnitus, then treatment is generally restricted to talk therapy and sound therapy.
For psychological aspects, there is type of counselling for tinnitus which is known as ‘Cognitive Behavioral Therapy’. It can effectively decrease the amount of stress that a person feels with tinnitus.
There are devices known as White Noise Machines, which produce simulated environmental sounds such as falling rain or ocean waves, are often an effective treatment for tinnitus. You may want to try a white noise machine with pillow speakers to help you sleep. Fans, humidifiers, dehumidifiers and air conditioners in the bedroom also may help cover the internal noise at night.
Natural Home Remedies
We have some really cool natural tinnitus remedies for you right here. Use these tinnitus remedies for immediate results and amazing results.
Ginkgo biloba is one of the most effective home remedy for tinnitus which is caused due to vascular disorders in the auditory system. Ginkgo improves blood circulation in the capillaries in the auditory system and skull which helps in naturally curing tinnitus. Ginkgo extract (120-150 mg per day) can be taken up to thrice a day for best results.
Zinc Rich Foods
Researchers have found a high degree of correlation between zinc deficiency and occurrence of tinnitus. A healthy adult requires 15mg of daily zinc intake.Adding zinc supplements helps alleviate symptoms of tinnitus in a large number of cases. Food rich in zinc include oysters, liver, lamb mutton, sesame seeds, watermelon seeds, roasted beef, pumpkin seeds and squash seeds.
Reduce Salt Intake
Excess salt is known to promote water retention in the body. This increases blood flow to the ears and creates pressure on the auditory system. This is known to aggravate ringing in the ears. On the contrary, reducing salt intake helps is reducing intensity of tinnitus. It is a great natural tinnitus remedy as well.
Clinical trials on Black Cohosh have proved it to be effective in alleviating symptoms of tinnitus. A decoction prepared by boiling 3 ml of tincture, or one teaspoon of black cohosh root in water can be taken up to twice daily for relief from tinnitus.
Goldenseal contains an alkaloid named berberine which has healing properties beneficial in healing lesions in the inner ear.
So we have discussed all the best natural tinnitus remedies with you. Now just use them in your daily life for a healthier result and live a healthy and prosperous life forever.