As the name itself is pretty self explanatory, throat obstruction is the inability to swallow properly due to some form of obstruction in the throat reasons. There is an uncanny feeling of having a big lump stuck inside the food pipe. The medical name for this condition is known as “Dysphagia”
Most people who experience these kinds of problems generally have swallowed a foreign object in their diet such as a fish bone or chicken bone. Apart from that, excessive mucus formation due to some form of disease can also lead to blocked throats. These factors block the passage of your throat, making it difficult for you to eat or even drink anything. At times, a throat obstruction could also lead to changes in the voice or hoarseness.
Throat obstruction is not a cause of concern since its fairly common in most people than we realize but if the symptoms are persistent and they keep recurring, then its time for some medical intervention.
The severity differs from person to person, so do the symptoms. If the obstruction is due to mucus build-up, then there won’t be any more problems than a change in the voice of the person, i.e it will become more coarse. But if the obstruction is due to the result of foreign object, then it can lead to a myriad of symptoms. Some of them are summarized as follows:
5) High pitched breathing.
6) Pain in the throat, chest or abdominal area.
If there is an obstruction which is due to the presence of a tumor or a lump stuck in the throat, then the symptoms can become more severe. The anomaly can also obstruct the air passage which can lead to grave consequences for the person. Immediate consultation with the doctor is advised if any of the following symptoms are seen:
1) Breathing difficulties, where it feels like the airways are blocked or obstructed.
2) Severe discomfort while swallowing, or even sipping liquids.
3) The appearance of a physical lump, without any pain or throat infection.
4) Presence of an infection in the throat, which lasts for more than two weeks.
5) Persistent symptoms, in spite of using antibiotics or other medication.
6) Purplish or bluish tint in the face, because of a lack of oxygen.
Causes of throat obstruction can be varied and complex. There is no single factor which leads to this condition. Sometimes the cause can’t even be identified.
However, it can still be classified into categories, that is Esophageal Dysphagia and Oropharyngeal Dyphagia.
Esophageal dysphagia refers to the sensation of food sticking or getting hung up in the base of your throat or in your chest after you’ve started to swallow. Some of the causes of esophageal dysphagia include:
1) Due to improper relaxation of the lower esophageal muscles (sphincter), the food may not pass into the stomach. This can lead to the food being brought back upto the throat which can lead to throat obstruction. This is also known as “Achalasia”.
2) A narrowed esophagus (stricture) can trap large pieces of food. Tumors or scar tissue, often caused by gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), can cause narrowing.
3) In case of improper chewing, there can be instances where the food gets trapped into the esophagus or some other type of foreign body can partially block the passage.
This is basically the weakening of the throat muscles due to some other factors. This can make it difficult to move food through the food pipe and the chances of choking are increased many folds. Some factors which can lead to this type of anomaly are:
1) Neurological disorders like Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis etc can lead to this condition and can cause dysphagia.
2) Sudden neurological damage, such as from a stroke or brain or spinal cord injury, can affect your ability to swallow.
3) Certain cancers and some cancer treatments, such as radiation, can cause difficulty swallowing.
There are variety of tests which can aid the doctor in making the proper diagnosis as to what is causing the obstruction in the throat.
A thin tube is passed into your throat. This tube has a miniature camera and a light source attached to it. The doctor passes this tube into the esophagus through the mouth so that the camera can capture images of the obstruction and display it on a monitor.
In this test, again a small tube is inserted in the esophagus through the mouth. But this time the tip of the tube contain a pressure sensitive recorder which can measure the contractions in the esophagus.
3) Imaging Scans
These may include a CT scan, which combines a series of X-ray views and computer processing to create cross-sectional images of your body’s bones and soft tissues; an MRI scan, which uses a magnetic field and radio waves to create detailed images of organs and tissues; or a positron emission tomography (PET) scan, which uses a radioactive drug tracer to show how your tissues and organs are functioning.
The following treatments can be carried out for remedying cases of throat obstruction depending on the severity of the condition.
1) In case of problems with the esophagus muscle tightening, the doctor can go for esophageal dilation in which the walls of the esophagus are allowed to stretch gently. This is generally achieved by inserting a tube with a special surgical ballon on its tip which make the esophagus expand.
2) In case of severe cases like the presence of tumors in the esophagus, the doctor can opt for totally removing it surgically. This will, however harm the ingestion capability of the patient.
3) The doctor can also prescribe special liquid diets in certain cases which can help maintain a healthy body weight without the fear of dehydration.
Natural Home Remedies
Listed here some of the best home remedies for sore throat, natural, authentic and completely safe to use in your daily life.
A simple back pat!
Yes, as rudimentary as it sounds, but in most cases of throat obstruction, slightly firm but vigorous pats on the back is all that it needs to make the obstruction go away. This will help to push down whatever food is causing the obstruction. An easy and cheap home remedy for sore throat for sure.
Just crack an egg and gulp it down the throat completely raw. It may taste weird but it works well. It is justifiably, one of the best home remedies for sore throat as well, try it to believe it.
In case of throat obstruction due to some leftover food item like fish bones, this natural home remedy for sore throat can work wonders. Gargling with vinegar can make the food item smaller in dimension which can then allow it to pass easily down the throat.
Honey is a natural cure used since centuries as it is known to have many health benefits. Having honey will help your body bring out the phlegm that may be blocking the passage. You can have it raw or else it can also be taken with white pepper. Having this twice a day will dry up the phlegm. This is the best home remedy for sore throat known so far.
Eucalyptus And Mint Leaves
Take a handful of eucalyptus and mint leaves and boil them together with some water. Once the mixture starts boiling, put off the gas and drape a towel on your head and inhale the vapor coming out of it. This will dry up the phlegm obstructing your passage.
You can use all the above listed home remedies for sore throat for effective and safe treatment of sore throat for sure. These home remedies for sore throat are easy to use, safe, effective, powerful, affordable and pretty easily available in your local superstore.