Tennis elbow, also know in scientific terms as “epicodylitis” is a medical ailment in which the outer part of the elbow becomes sore and tender. This generally happens when the tendons ( the tissues which join the muscles to the bones ) are overworked through repetitive motions.
Tennis elbow is caused by either abrupt or subtle injury of the muscle and tendon area around the outside of the elbow. Tennis elbow specifically involves the area where the muscles and tendons of the forearm attach to the outside bony area (called the lateral epicondyle) of the elbow. This pain is generally seen in the dominant arm of the person. For example, a right handed person will feel it in their right arm and vice versa.
Its name can be quite deceiving since most cases of Tennis Elbow don’t occur in people who play tennis. People whose jobs feature the types of motions that can lead to tennis elbow include plumbers, painters, carpenters and butchers.
These are the general symptoms of tennis elbow:
1) Pain on the outside of your upper forearm, just below your elbow – the pain may also travel down your forearm towards your wrist.
2) Pain when lifting or bending your arm.
3) Pain when writing or gripping small objects – for example, when holding a pen.
4) Pain when twisting your forearm – for example, when turning a door handle or opening a jar.
5) Pain and stiffness when fully extending your arm.
Tennis Elbow is the best example of repetitive strain injury which results from overuse of tendons with not ample time given to it to heal. A repetitive strain injury is defined as an injury of the musculoskeletal and nervous system that is caused by repetitive tasks, forced exertions, vibrations or sustained poor postures.
Any type of repetitive activity like playing tennis, using a screw driver, hammering etc that puts excessive stress onto the joint can lead to tennis elbow.
For the dignosis, the doctor can ask questions about the patient’s medical history and do a physical check-up. This can be followed by imaging procedures like X-Ray of MRI scan which may further help in the diagnosis process by revealing issue which can unrelated to tennis elbow but which are nevertheless causing pain.
The doctor can also do a battery test in which he gently applies pressure onto the elbow of the person, at the same time asking them to move their affected joint slowly.
1) Physical Therapy
The doctor can advise the person to use proper form for the activity that he regularly does which is the leading cause of tennis elbow.
Various exercises can also be advised like gradual stretching of arms. Or exercises to strengthen the forearm muscles.
2) Orthotic Devices
Orthosis devices can be seen as artificial exoskeletons which help support the affected limb to improve their functioning and reduce the pain.
There are two main types of orthoses prescribed for this problem: counterforce elbow orthosis and wrist extension orthosis.
Counterforce orthosis has a circumferential structure surrounding the arm. This orthosis usually has a strap which applies a binding force over the origin of the wrist extensors. The applied force by orthosis reduces the elongation within the musculotendinious fibers. Wrist extensor orthosis maintains the wrist in the slight extension. This position reduces the overloading strain at the lesion area.
Surgery is the last option in cases where the symptoms don’t seem to respond well to medication or don’t seem to subside even after a prolonged period of time.
Natural Home Remedies
Use these natural home remedies for immediate effect. These remedies are easily available and you can include them in your regular life without any complexities.
Ice packs are excellent when it comes to relieving the swelling or inflammation in the elbows. They work just as fine as other anti-inflammatory agents. Keep the ice packs onto the affected elbow for about 15 minutes and everyday. This will greatly reduce the swelling and pain in the joint. This is an excellent home remedy for tennis elbow.
Applying heat to the affected joint can help in the healing process to become much faster. Heat helps increase blood flow to the injured muscles and tendons which will greatly affect the recovery time. A great natural home remedy for tennis elbow.
Ginger greatly helps in reducing the symptoms of tennis elbow and this is because of its immense anti-inflammatory property. Take fresh ginger root and boil it for at least 10 minutes. Add honey after straining the boiling water and drink it three times on daily basis. In addition to this, you can also put ginger poultice on the affected portion to get relief of pain. For this, wrap some grated ginger in a cotton bag and allow it to cool after putting it in hot water. Put the cotton bag on the affected area for at least 15 minutes to feel the changes. Use these herbal home remedies for tennis elbow for instant cure.
Omega 3 Fatty Acids
Treatment of tennis elbow through effective home remedies also requires the patient to take more food sources of omega 3 such as salmon and tuna. Such food intakes will definitely reduce the inflammation in case of joints of tennis elbow.
Apart from reducing the recovery time, fenugreek will also help in reducing the inflammation and pain of tennis elbow. Make a paste of milk and grinded fenugreek seeds to be applied on the affected area. Wash it off with lukewarm water after leaving the paste on the affected area for around 1-2 hours. You may also take fenugreek seeds with lukewarm water in the morning to speed up the healing process. It is a great natural home remedies for tennis elbow.
St. John’s Wort
Pain relief and healing properties have been found in St. John’s Wort. You can drink herbal tea made of St. John’s Wort and honey on daily basis to get speedy relief from tennis elbow. Experts also recommend application of St. John’s Wort oil on the affected area for several times in a day for effective treatment of tennis elbow.
Apply Turmeric Extract
The extracts of turmeric can be concocted into a paste and applied on tennis elbows or added in warm milk for consumption. Turmeric has antiseptic properties that help in relieving pain, reduce swelling and also prevent spread of the inflammation on elbows. Do not consume more than 500 mg turmeric extract a day. It is a great natural home remedy for tennis elbow.
These simple home remedies for tennis elbow are easy and very effective. Use these home remedies for tennis elbow for instant relief and comfort. These home remedies for tennis elbow are very simple and safe as well. Use these home remedies for tennis elbow in your daily life for regular and stay healthy, without any worry.