Scabies is a contagious infection of the skin that is caused by the infestation of the mite known as “Sarcoptes scabiei”. This leads to intense itching and this urge is especially strong in the night time. Scabies has an incubation period of two to six weeks. Scabies infection starts when the female mite burrows herself in the skin to lay eggs.
Scabies is contagious and can spread quickly through close physical contact in a family, child care group, school class, nursing home or prison. Because of the contagious nature of scabies, doctors often recommend treatment for entire families or contact groups.
The most common way in which scabies spreads is through long periods of direct skin contact. For instance, when having sexual intercourse. Spreads of disease may occur even if the person has not developed symptoms yet. Crowded living conditions such as those found in child care facilities, group homes, and prisons increase the risk of spread.
Another form of this disease is known as “Crusted Scabies”. This is a more severe form of the disease. It occurs in those people who have a weal immune system. On top of that, a single person can have millions of mites living on their skin. This makes them much more contagious.
The most common symptoms of scabies is intense itching and superficial burrows. These burrows are often linear. There can be multiple parallel lines side by side. In adults and older children, the burrows are often found between the fingers, in armpits, around the waist, along the insides of the wrist, on soles of the feet and on the breasts.
In children, however, they are mot commonly located on scalp, palm, face, neck and soles of the feet.
Sometimes people who have weak immune systems or those who are on immunosupressant medication can develop a severe form of scabies called as crusted scabies. This is because the weak immune system leads to a larger infestation of mites which ca spread to the entire body of the host excluding the face. Sufferers of crusted scabies exhibit scaly rashes, slight itching, and thick crusts of skin that contain thousands of mites. Such areas make eradication of mites particularly difficult, as the crusts protect the mites from topical miticides/scabicides, necessitating prolonged treatment of these areas.
Its caused by the eight legged mite as mentioned earlier. The female mite burrows just beneath your skin and produces a tunnel in which it deposits eggs. The eggs hatch, and the mite larvae work their way to the surface of your skin, where they mature and can spread to other areas of your skin or to the skin of other people. The itching of scabies results from your body’s allergic reaction to the mites, their eggs and their waste.
Dogs, cats and humans all are affected by their own distinct species of mite. Each species of mite prefers one specific type of host and doesn’t live long away from that preferred host. So humans may have a temporary skin reaction from contact with the animal scabies mite. But people are unlikely to develop full-blown scabies from this source, as they might from contact with the human scabies mite.
Scabies may be diagnosed clinically in geographical areas where it is common when diffuse itching presents along with either lesions in two typical spots or there is itchiness of another household member. The classical sign of scabies is the burrows made by the mites within the skin. To detect the burrow, the suspected area is rubbed with ink from a fountain pen or a topical tetracycline solution, which glows under a special light. The skin is then wiped with an alcohol pad. If the person is infected with scabies, the characteristic zigzag or S pattern of the burrow will appear across the skin.
Commin medications that are used against Scabies are as follows:
1) Permethrin Crea, 5 percent
Permethrin is a topical cream that contains chemicals that kill scabies mites and their eggs. It is generally considered safe for adults, pregnant women, and children ages 2 months and older. This medicine is not recommended for nursing mothers.
2) Lindane Lotion
This medication is used for people who cannot tolerate other forms of treatments or the other treatments didn’t work for them. This medication is not used for children below the age of 2 years, pregnant women and elderly people since its not safe for them.
This medication is available as a cream or a lotion. It’s applied once a day for two days. This medication isn’t recommended for children or for women who are pregnant or nursing. Frequent treatment failure has been reported with crotamiton.
Oral Ivermectin is effective in eradicating scabies, often in a single dose. It is the treatment of choice for crusted scabies, and is sometimes prescribed in combination with a topical agent. It has not been tested on infants, and is not recommended for children under six years of age.
Topical ivermectin preparations have been shown to be effective for scabies in adults, though only one such formulation is available in the United States at present, and it is not FDA approved as a scabies treatment. It has also been useful for sarcoptic mange (the veterinary analog of human scabies).
Home Remedies For Scabies
We have great collection of simple home remedies for scabies which are effective and very easy to follow. Use these effective home remedies for scabies for safe and secure treatment of your scabies.
A cold soak is a quick way to relieve the intense itching and pain and prevent the infection from spreading through itching. Sometimes the itching can be uncontrollable. In such cases, apply an ice cube on the affected areas so that the itching and pain will be numbed for some time. However, this will only offer temporary relief and you always have to look for a solid remedy when the itching and pain are brought under control. Simple yet effective home remedies for scabies.
A great antibacterial agent and very strong so that it can help remove the actual mites that cause the infection, garlic works in two ways. First, it acts on the infection and prevents further infections from setting in. Frequent application of garlic paste will also smother the microscopic mites and prevent its action on the skin. These are one of the best home remedies for scabies.
Clove too has anti microbial and anti inflammatory properties and hence a great remedy for treating scabies. Clove oil can be applied on the affected areas of the skin for instant relief from itching and pain. However, clove oil could be very strong and cause burning on the skin. In such cases, dilute it with a little olive oil and apply on the skin. You can also crush a clove and add some olive oil or water and apply o the affected area.
What makes onion a wonder remedy for scabies is the presence of quercetin which helps in the soothing of the affected skin. Quercetin, along with the presence of sulphur compounds in onion help in treating and eradicating the scabies and the mites on the skin and prevent the infection from spreading to others as well. A simple yet effective home remedy for scabies.
This cooling gel is also a great anti bacterial agent and helps in healing and regenerating the skin, along with the removal of mites from the skin surface. Apply freshly acquired aloe gel from the aloe plant and leave it on. A simple yet effective home remedy for scabies. The thick gel can mask the action of the mites on the skin and destroy them completely. Once the infection is taken care of, the skin too will be repaired under the efficient care of aloe gel.
Use these simple home remedies for scabies for effective and safe treatment. The use of these home remedies for scabies are much safer and gentler than harsh medicinal alternatives.