Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease of the skin which is characterized by patches of abnormally colored skin. Autoimmune diseases is damage or a pathological state arising from an abnormal immune response of the body against substances and tissues normally present in the body.
The patches on the skin are generally reddish in color, ichy and scaly. They may vary in severity. They can either be located in a particular area of they may cover the entire body.
There are 5 types of psoriasis. They are plaque, guttate, inverse, pustular, and erythrodermic. Plaque psoriasis, also known as psoriasis vulgaris, makes up about 90% of cases. Guttate psoriasis, which often starts in childhood or young adulthood, is characterized by small, red spots, mainly on the torso and limbs. Inverse psoriasis, characterized by bright red, shiny lesions that appear in skin folds, such as the armpits, groin area, and under the breasts. Pustular psoriasis , characterized by red and scaly skin on the palms of the hands and/or feet with tiny pustules.
1. Patches of red, inflamed skin
These are often covered with loose, silvery scales. They may be itchy and painful, even crack and bleed. In serious cases, they grow and run into each other, making large areas of irritated skin.
2. Fingernail and toenail problems
Your nails may change color or become pitted. They may also begin to crumble or detach from the nail bed.
3. Scalp problems
Patches of scales or crust may form on your head.
The exact reason as to what leads to psoriasis is not known. But to compensate for that various theories exist.
About one third of the people who suffer from psoriasis report a family history of the disease. Scientists have also identified genetic “loci” associated with this condition. A locus (plural loci), in genetics, is the specific location or position of a gene, DNA sequence, on a chromosome. There are 9 loci that have been found to be associted with psoriasis. There are as known as psoriasis 1 to 9. ( PSORS1-PSORS9) .
Conditions reported as accompanying a worsening of the disease include chronic infections, stress, and changes in season and climate. Others include hot water, scratching psoriasis skin lesions, skin dryness, excessive alcohol consumption, cigarette smoking, and obesity.
The rate of psoriasis in HIV-positive individuals is comparable to that of HIV-negative individuals, however, psoriasis tends to be more severe in people infected with HIV. A much higher rate of psoriatic arthritis occurs in HIV-positive individuals with psoriasis than in those without the infection.
A diagnosis for psoriasis is made using the appearance of the skin. Skin characteristics typical for psoriasis are scaly, erythematous plaques, papules, or patches of skin that may be painful and itch. No other special blood test or diagnostic procedure is needed to make the diagnosis. Rarely, your doctor may take a small sample of skin (biopsy) that’s examined under a microscope to determine the exact type of psoriasis and to rule out other disorders. A skin biopsy can generally be done in a doctor’s office after application of a local anesthetic.
Treatment involves the following methods:
They are powerful anti-inflammatory drugs. They are generally advocated in order to treat mild to moderate medication. They supress the immune system, thereby reducing inflammation and relieves associated itching. Topical corticosteroids range in strength, from mild to very strong. Long-term use or overuse of strong corticosteroids can cause thinning of the skin and resistance to the treatment’s benefits. To minimize side effects and to increase effectiveness, topical corticosteroids are generally used on active outbreaks until they’re under control.
This medication is know to normalize DNA activity in skin cells. Anthralin also can remove scales, making the skin smoother. However, anthralin can irritate skin, and it stains virtually anything it touches, including skin, clothing, countertops and bedding. For that reason, doctors often recommend short-contact treatment — allowing the cream to stay on your skin for a brief time before washing it off.
Available over-the-counter (nonprescription) and by prescription, salicylic acid promotes sloughing of dead skin cells and reduces scaling. Sometimes it’s combined with other medications, such as topical corticosteroids or coal tar, to increase its effectiveness. Salicylic acid is available in medicated shampoos and scalp solutions to treat scalp psoriasis.
A thick, black byproduct of the manufacture of petroleum products and coal, coal tar is probably the oldest treatment for psoriasis. It reduces scaling, itching and inflammation. Exactly how it works isn’t known. Coal tar has few known side effects, but it’s messy, stains clothing and bedding, and has a strong odor.
Home Remedies For Psoriasis
Use these simple home remedies for psoriasis for safe and best treatment for psoriasis.
Applying aloe-vera gel to the affected area will reduce the rashes and scaling of skin. It has been tested by many dermatologists. Aloe-vera gel needs to be applied 3 times everyday to reduce the lesions. If you do this for three to four weeks, you will notice a major change on your skin. This is the best home remedy for psoriasis.
Banana peel is the vital ingredient to cure skin ailments. You can use a banana peel and rub the inner area of the peel to your lesions. It will soothe your skin and remove the rashes. Use this simple home remedy for psoriasis for best results.
Apple Cider Vinegar
For temporary treatment of itching and scaling, you can use 1 tea spoon of apple-cider vinegar diluted in some water. The water should be luke warm. apply it on your lesions, massage it in and leave it on for a minute or two. You can rinse it with water. If you would like to treat yourself in your bath, pour 1/2 cup of vinegar in the bath tub and take a warm shower. An excellent home remedy for psoriasis.
Applying castor oil directly on the lesions helps improve the skin. Mix a cup of castor oil with 1 teaspoon of baking soda. Apply this mixture on the lesions before going to bed. You can notice a complete healing of that area after a few weeks. However care must be taken so to not apply this on open skin. This is one of the best home remedies for psoriasis.
Epsom Salt Bath
Fill your bath tub with luke warm water. You can add a cup of milk, olive oil or Epsom salt. This soothing shower will help you to get rid of the itchiness and it will gradually reduce the plaques and scales on your body. Moisturize yourself, immediately after the bath, for best results.
Use these simple home remedies for psoriasis for gentle and effective treatment of psoriasis. These natural home remedies for psoriasis are safe and cost effective as well.