Piles is the general name given to condition which is more commonly known in the medical world as Haemorrhoids. This condition leads to swollen veins and muscles in and around the anal region or anal canal. The anal canal is a small vessel that connects to rectum to the anus. The inner lining of the canal consists of three soft and spongy pads of tissue. This spongy area acts as a seal to keep the canal closed tight until the person goes to the lavatory. This area also consists of blood vessels.
Piles happens when one the soft pads slips downwards from its intended place. Due to this slip, the blood vessels get engorged with blood making the spongy pad swell up. When going for a bowel movement, the piles can slip further down causing something called as prolapsed pile. This can be observed as blood in the stool.
Piles are classified into two types known as internal and external piles. Internal piles are those that form 2-3 cm inside the upper part of the anal canal. Internal piles are usually painless because the upper anal canal has no pain nerve fibres. External piles are those that form below that point, in the lower part of the anal canal. External piles may be painful because the lower part of the anal canal has lots of pain nerve fibres.
Internal piles can further be classified into grades or levels. They are as follows:
These piles are the swollen cushions that always remain within the anal canal. They cannot be seem from outside. They are painless and the usual symptoms are that of bleeding from the anus.
This is when the feces are passed, they get pushed down. This is also known as prolapsed piles. But they spontaneously return to their position after the bowel movement.
These piles are pushed down (prolapsed) when faeces are passed, or come down at other times. They do not go back by themselves after faeces have been passed but can be pushed back in.
This grade of piles permanently hang down from within the anus, and you cannot push them back inside. They sometimes become quite large.
The most common symptoms of piles is bleeding from the anus. The bowel movement will also cause red streak of blood in many cases.
There will be itching in the anal region along with tenderness or pain during bowel movement. There will be painful swelling or lump near the anus. In certain cases there will also be anal mucus discharge. This mucus discharge can cause inflammation and swelling of skin around the anus causing burning and itching which is known in medical terms as “pruritis ani”.
External hemorrhoids behave differently since they are covered by “regular skin” and have pain fibers associated with them. A thrombosed external hemorrhoid occurs when an underlying vein within the hemorrhoid clots off causing intense pain from the rapid stretching of the skin covering the hemorrhoid. A hard painful lump can be felt at the anus. External hemorrhoids can also result in excess skin tags that can be felt at the anal verge and can cause difficulties with cleaning after a bowel movement, leading to secondary skin infections.
The exact reason for the development of piles is not known. Some piles develop for no apparent reason in people. However, increased pressure in the back passage (anus) and anal canal is usually considered to lead to piles.
Certain situations in which piles can occur are as follows:
1) Constipation Passing large stools (faeces), and straining at the toilet. These increase the pressure in and around the veins in the anus and seem to be a common reason for piles to develop.
2) Pregnancy Piles are common during pregnancy. This is probably due to pressure effects of the baby lying above the rectum and anus, and the affect that the change in hormones during pregnancy can have on the veins.
3) Ageing The tissues in the lining of the anus may become less supportive as we get older.
4) Hereditary Factors Some people may inherit a weakness of the wall of the veins in the anal region.
If there is bleeding during bowel movement, then its time to consult your physician. The doctors usually does a check up of the back passage. Using gloves and lubricant, the doctor will use his fingers to check for any signs of piles and other such abnormalities.
In cases where the piles are not obvious even after medical check up by the doctor, then he/she can go for another medical test known as proctoscope. It’s basically a light bulb attached to the end of a tube which is inserted into the back passage. This allows the doctor to see the piles more clearly and make a proper diagnosis.
Home Remedies For Piles
Piles can be very painful, disgusting and embarrassing. But more so are the treatment methods used medically, and the fact that you have to admit that you have it. We have formulated a list of few of the best home remedies for piles for you, just to cure your pain in a gentle, easy and confidential manner.
Fiber may help to relieve hemorrhoid symptoms and bleeding. Fiber can soften stool and increase its bulk, which helps to reduce straining. Seven randomized trials with a total of 378 participants found that fiber improved symptoms including itching, discomfort, and pain.
There are plenty of ways to get more fiber. Start by eating foods high in fiber such as beans, fresh fruit and vegetables and whole grains, increasing fiber gradually to avoid bloating and gas. Gradually increase intake to 25-30 grams of fiber per day. Fluid intake should also be increased or constipation may worsen. These are the most effective natural home remedies for piles.
The violent sounding name is given to a species of plant also known in the scientific world as Ruscus Aculeatus. It gets its name because Egyptian butcher’s used to clean their chopping blocks with this.
Butcher’s broom can promote constriction of the vien and smoothens muscle cells of the walls of the viens. Butcher’s broom is usually recommended in capsule or tea form. The tea, which has a slightly bitter taste, is typically made by steeping one teaspoon of the herb in a cup of hot water for 10 to 15 minutes.
French maritime pine bark extract is a source of flavonoids, catechins, proanthocyanidins, and phenolic acids, compounds thought to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Human studies have found that people who took a French maritime pine bark extract for seven days showed some improvement in symptoms. A simple and easy home remedy for piles.
Bioflavonoids are a type of plant compound found naturally in citrus fruits such as oranges and lemons.
Diosmin, hesperidin, and oxerutins are the major citrus bioflavonoids. Thought to stabilize and strengthen veins and capillaries and reduce inflammation, clinical trials suggest that bioflavonoids may reduce bleeding, discomfort and pain during acute hemorrhoid flare-ups and also help symptoms between flare-ups.
This drug store staple is made from the leaves and bark of a plant called Hamamelis virginiana, also known as witch hazel. It is not taken internally but applied topically to the anal area in the form of witch hazel distilled liquid, ointment, compress or medicated pads (such as Tucks).
Use these simple and classic home remedies for piles for instant relief from piles. These home remedies for piles are easy and simple to use, found easily in your local superstore or spice market, and gentle on your body.