Peptic ulcer, also known as stomach ulcer is basically a breakage in the lining of the stomach, the first half of the small intestine and the lower esophagus. They lead to painful sores. This breaking away of the mucous lining causes the digestive juices to eat away the tissue on the stomach lining itself. Ulcers in the stomach are also known as gastric ulcers while those in the small intestines are known as duodenal ulcer.
People suffering from peptic ulcers generally complain of pain in the stomach. This pain is described as burning or dull ache. Other symptoms can be belching, vomiting, weight loss and poor appetite. One very rare occasions older people will not show any signs of ulcers at all.
Though ulcers often heal on their own, you shouldn’t ignore their warning signs. If not properly treated, ulcers can lead to serious health problems, including:
Bleeding, Perforation (a hole through the wall of the stomach), Gastric outlet obstruction from swelling or scarring that blocks the passageway leading from the stomach to the small intestine.
There are various symptoms related to peptic ulcers. The severity can vary from mild to severe depending upon that damage that has already been done. The most common symptom is a mild sensation which persists in the upper abdomen. The pain is more intense on an empty stomach and can last for several hours.
Other symptoms which accompany peptic ulcers are as follows:
1) Bloating and “fullness’ of abdomen
2) Nausea with copious amounts of vomiting.
3) Loss of appetite and weight loss.
4) Hematemesis (Vomit of Blood), which can occur due to bleeding directly from the gastric ulcer.
5) Melena, foul smelling feces which is due to the presence of oxidized iron from haemoglobin.
6) Burping or acid reflux.
7) Heartburns ( Burning sensations in the chest area )
The main cause for peptic ulcers is the decrease in the strength of the mucus lining of the stomach. This can be caused by various factors which are as follows:
This is the major causative factor for peptic ulcers is the bacteria known as Helicobacter Pylori. It generally infects and colonizes the “antral mucosa”. The immune system is unable to clear the infection on its own. This leads the bacteria to cause chronic active gastritis (type B gastritis). H. pylori increases gastrin, which in turn increases the erosion of the mucosa and therefore ulcer formation.
They are Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs. Its well documented that NSAIDs can lead to peptic ulcers. The stomach lining is protected from the gastric juices using a mucus lining. This mucus lining generation depends on certain “prostaglandins”. NSAIDs block the function cyclooxygenase 1 which is extremely essential for the production of these prostaglandins.
Stress which is due to serious health problems like those requiring medical treatment in hospitals can also lead to peptic ulcers which are termed as stress ulcers.
A stress ulcer is a single or multiple mucosal defect which can become complicated by upper gastrointestinal bleeding during the physiologic stress of serious illness. Ordinary peptic ulcers are found commonly in the gastric antrum and the duodenum whereas stress ulcers are found commonly in fundic mucosa and can be located anywhere within the stomach and proximal duodenum.
A rare disease that makes the body produce excess stomach acid. They are caused by the non-beta islet cells of the pancreas or gastrin-secreting tumors of the pancreas that stimulates the acid secreting cells of the stomach known as parietal cells.
Diagnosis and treatment depends upon the symptoms and severity of your ulcer. The first step taken by the physician is checking the medical history and the apparent symptoms that are easily identifiable.
Stomach pain the first signal for peptic ulcer. In some cases, doctors will generally give medications for peptic ulcers just by monitoring stomach pain and then observe if the conditions subside. Confirmed diagnosis is made with the help of tests like endoscopies or barium contrast X-rays. These tests however are only ordered if the symptoms do not subside after two weeks or if the patient is above 45 years of age because stomach cancer can also cause such symptoms.
An esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) is a form of endoscopy that is used for patients who are suspected of having peptic ulcer. By direct visual identification, the location and severity of an ulcer can be described. Moreover, if no ulcer is present, EGD can often provide an alternative diagnosis.
To rule out H. pylori infection, a blood, stool, or breath test may be ordered. In a breath test, you’ll be instructed to drink a clear liquid and breathe into a bag, which is then sealed. If H. pylori is present, the breath sample will contain higher-than-normal levels of carbon dioxide.
Antacids are generally advised for younger patients before any form of endoscopy is undertaken. People who are taking NSAIDs may also be prescribed a prostaglandin analogue in order to prevent peptic ulcers.
Then there are H2 antagonists which decrease the amount of acid that the stomach is producing thereby helping in the healing of ulcers.
In case of H. Pylori infections, the most effective treatments are a combination of 2 anti-biotics like amoxicillin, tetracycline and a proton pump inhibitor (PPI). An effective first-line therapy for uncomplicated cases would be amoxicillin + metronidazole + pantoprazole (a PPI)
Home Remedies For Peptic Ulcer
We have composed a few best home remedies for peptic ulcer for you to cure and eliminate the symptoms and side effects of ulcer. Use these simple home home remedies for peptic ulcer for better working and safer peptic health.
Betain is suppliment which is easily available in the market without the need for any prescription either. It helps in killing off the H. Pylori bacteria which is the leading cause of peptic ulcer.
Due to its alkaline nature its very effective in ridding the stomach of pain and burning sensation that comes with peptic ulcers. It should be used in emergency situations to relieve pain and not as a regular medication.
Bananas promote cell growth in the intestinal tract, which ultimately heals ulcers. They increase mucus secretion in the digestive tract and prevent peptic ulcers or other infections related to the digestive system. It is one of the best and safest home remedies for peptic ulcer.
Cabbage is another healthy food that can be used to treat peptic ulcers. According to a study, cabbage juice can effectively treat ulcers, over 92% of the times. Its effectiveness of healing ulcers is so remarkable that experts also refer to it as Vitamin U. Consumption of cabbage increases the level of vitamin C, which usually tends to be very low in gastric juices of patients with peptic ulcers. A simple yet very effective home remedy for peptic ulcer.
Various studies have recommend the use of delglycyrrhizinated licorice (DGL) for treatment of peptic ulcers in the past. DGL helps production of mucus in the digestive system, which is effective for treating this painful condition. Licorice is also beneficial for those who have to consume medicines drugs like cortisone derivatives or aspirin, which increase the risk of peptic ulcer formation. It is a simple and beneficial home remedy for peptic ulcer.
Use these methods and home remedies for peptic ulcer for easier and healthier lifestyle. These home remedies for peptic ulcer are simple yet extremely effective . Apart from being cost effective, these home remedies for peptic ulcer will be a safer option than the strong medications available in the market.