What exactly is a nosebleed? The name itself is pretty self-explanatory. Its the condition when blood starts to flow profusely out of the nostrils. Its also known as Epistaxis. They can look very scary but are generally not fatal for the body. The nose consists of many blood vessels which run throughout the length of the nostrils. These vessels are very fragile and can easily burst due to various factors. They are fairly common in both adults and children between the age of 3-10. There are two kinds of nosebleeds, an “anterior nosebleed” and a “posterior nosebleed”. The former happens when the blood vessels in the front of the nose break and bleed. And the latter is when the vessels in the deepest part of the nose rupture. In posterior nosebleed, the blood flows down the throat and can be very fatal in certain scenarios.
The general causes of nosebleed can be categorized into two factors, local and general factors. Though there are certain examples where nosebleeds occurs with no obvious cause. Some of the most well known causes are mentioned below.
1) Trauma, like a blow to the head of punch to the face which may or may not accompany nasal fracture.
2) External bodies which may harm the nostrils like when picking your nose with your fingers.
3) Inflammatory Reaction to environmental irritants, respiratory tract infections, chronic sinusitis etc.
4) Anatomical deformities like hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia.
5) Prolonged improper use of Nasal sprays.
6) Blood Dyscrasias
7) Vasodilation due to tons of alcohol consumption.
9) Vitamic C and Vitamin K deficiency.
10) Hematological Malignancy.
The doctor will conduct physical examination to check for the source of the problem and determine a cause. The physician may check the nostrils for the presence of any foreign object. He/She may also question about the medical history of the patient and ask for medical records.
Nasal endoscopy can also be carried out. Its nothing but examination of the nasal tract using specialized instruments. CT scan of the nose, which is an imaging test that takes cross-sectional pictures of the nose
X-ray of the face and nose, which is an imaging test that uses radiation to produce pictures of the nose.
The blood flow stops when the blood clots which can be encouraged by pressurizing the bleeding spot and putting direct pressure on it. There also are vasoconstrictive agents which are shown to reduce the bleeding time benign cases of nosebleed. Drugs like Oxymetazoline and phenylephrine are widely available in over-the-counter nasal sprays.
If these simple measures do not work then medical intervention may be needed to stop bleeding. The use of silver nitrate to cauterize bleeding blood vessels is common but not very useful for those with more than mild bleeding. It is also often painful even when freezing is used.
For anterior nosebleeds, a cauterizing agent like silver nitrate can also be used. Then there are something called as nasal packing. Many different types of packings are available, ranging from petroleum (Vaseline) gauze to balloon packs to synthetic sponge packs that expand when moistened. The decision as to which one to use is usually made by the doctor.
For posterior nosebleed that does not stop, admission to the hospital is needed. A posterior nasal packing is required. These are very uncomfortable and frequently require sedative and pain killers.
Home Remedies For Nosebleeds
We have some simple home remedies for nosebleeds to help you with them. These easy home remedies for nosebleeds will help you treat your nosebleed immediately.
Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar is a versatile product that is extensively used in homemade cures for skin and hair, and is an important ingredient in DIY natural hair conditioner for smooth and silky hair. Organic apple cider vinegar is also one of the easily available natural remedies for nosebleeds that prevent excessive blood loss from the body by sealing up the broken walls of the blood vessels.
Soak 2 tiny cotton balls in apple cider vinegar and place them in both the nostrils and wait for 5 to 8 minutes and then take them out. You can also prevent nosebleeds by mixing 2 teaspoons of apple cider vinegar in a glass of warm water and drinking it 3 times a day.
A cold compress using ice is another effective way to stop nosebleeds in adults. The extreme cold temperature of the ice constricts the blood vessels of the nose and slows down blood flow and bleeding within a few minutes. It also helps in reducing inflammation in case the nose in injured. But, you should never apply ice directly to the nose.
Wrap a few ice cubes in a light towel and apply this compress on the bridge of the nose for 10 minutes while seated in an upright position and tilting your head back. Repeat the procedure if needed.
A saline solution is often used for nasal irritation in order to clear a blocked nose caused by sinusitis or allergy caused by dust, pollen, and gunk. But it is also a useful nosebleed treatment at home that is absolutely safe. The saline solution moisturizes and soothes the inner linings of the nasal passage and reduces irritation of the nasal membranes. This remedy is especially effective if your nosebleed is caused by excessive cold and dry climate. Add a pinch of salt to 1/2 cup of water and stir it well. Pour few drops of the solution into the nostrils. You can also use an over the counter saline nasal spray for this purpose. Reapply it 2 to 3 times every day till the irritation is cured.
This hot and fiery spice is not only useful for spicing up dishes, but also for addressing various health issues. A drink made of cayenne is considered one of the most effective herbal remedies for weight loss as well. Cayenne is also a useful natural treatment for nosebleeds which helps in adjusting blood flow to the vessels and promotes faster coagulation. Cayenne travels through the circulatory system and takes off the blood pressure from the hemorrhaging areas. It also functions as a cell stimulant. Vitamin C present in cayenne helps in strengthening the blood capillaries and preventing nosebleeds in the future. Add 1 teaspoon of cayenne in a glass of warm water and drink it daily. You can also add cayenne to your regular foods to get desired results.
So we have listed all the best home remedies for nosebleeds. Use these to simply stop your nosebleeds and get relief instantly.