Nausea is an extreme sensation in the upper stomach with an involuntary urge to vomit. It is derived from the Greek word “naus” meaning ship. This was due to the fact that sailors felt “seasickness’ when travelling in ships during those times. It generally precedes the actual act of vomiting. It can, however, occur without vomiting as well. Nausea can be either short lived or prolonged. In the latter case it can lead to weakness of the body.
Nausea is a non-specific symptom. What this means is that nausea can be caused by a number of reasons. They can be caused by both psychological and physical in origin. It can originate from problems in the brain or gastrointestinal tract (esophagus, stomach, liver). This makes diagnosing the exact cause of nausea to be very difficult. But all stimuli that give rise to nausea work via the “vomit” centre is the brain which gives rise to the sensation of nausea and causes the actual act of vomit.
Some common causes for a person to feel nauseated are motion sickness, gastroenteritis, dizziness, migrane, fainting and morning sickness that accompanies early pregnancy.
Medications which are taken to prevent nausea are called “antiemetics”. The most commonly prescribed antiemetics in the US are promethazine, metoclopramide and ondansetron.
What Causes Nausea or Vomiting?
Nausea and vomiting are not diseases, but they are symptoms of many conditions such as:
a) Motion sickness or seasickness
b) Early stages of pregnancy
c) Medication-induced vomiting
d) Intense pain
e) Emotional stress
f) Gallbladder disease
g) Food poisoning
j) A reaction to certain smells or odors
k) Heart attack
l) Concussion or brain injury
m) Brain tumor
o) Some forms of cancer
p) Bulimia or other psychological illnesses
q) Gastroparesis or slow stomach emptying (a condition that can be seen in people with diabetes)
r) Ingestion of toxins or excessive amounts of alcohol
Due to its nature, its difficult to know what exactly caused the nausea. Hence certain other factors need to be kept in mind to make a proper diagnosis like the timing of the vomiting.
a) Full medical History Of Patient
A full medical examination of the patient’s history is very important in this case to make a proper diagnosis for knowing the real cause of nausea in that case. If the symptoms are acute with a sudden onset then its most like because of certain drugs, toxins and infections.
If there is a long standing history of nausea, then that would mean the person has a chronic illness. The timing as mentioned earlier also plays an important role and hence must be paid attention to. A sudden feeling to vomit right after eating food indicates an obstruction near to the small intestine. An obstruction further down the intestines or near the colon will cause delayed vomiting. Whereas in case of infectious causes of nausea like gastroenteritis, then the vomiting will happen several hours to days from getting infected.
The contents of the emesis is also a valuable way to determine the cause. For example, bits of fecal matter will indicate obstruction in the intestine or colon. Or if its greenish in color, it would imply that the obstruction is located way past the stomach area. If there are bit of undigested food then that means the obstruction is a prior to gastric outlet.
b) Diagnostic Testing
When history is not enough for determining the cause of nausea, then we have to go for diagnostic testing as they can be a sure shot to determine the cause of the problems. There are varied number of tests for different parts of the body. For example: Liver test may reveal pacreaticobiliary problems. Then there are advanced imaging procedures like CT Scan, MRI, endoscopy and colonoscopy etc which can make the bigger picture clear much more easily.
Natural Home Remedies For Nausea
We have collected some of the best home remedies for nausea to help you with your condition. Use these simple home remedies for nausea to treat and control your nausea effectively.
Ginger (The Magic Herb)
Ginger is well known in traditional medicinal practices as the curer of mutilple ailments. So its should not be surprising to know that it works wonders against nausea as well. It promotes the secretion of various digestive enzymes and juices which keep the normal functioning of the stomach intact. It also consists of phenols which are natural chemicals that help relax the stomach muscles and act as sedatives when the stomach gets irritated due to some other factors. Phenols also help the intestine move toxins and digested food throughout the system much more quicker. It can be used in a mutilple ways like eaten raw, taken as a juice or in the form of pills. Use this simple home remedy for nausea for effective treatment.
Sliced Fresh Lemon
Another underrated fruit that can easily remove or cure nausea. In olden days, when sailors used to travel in ships, they used to face a peculiar problem known as “sea sickness” which caused immense vomiting in less experienced sailors. It was seen that those who sucked on lemon or other citric fruits did not suffer from it. Lemon is effective in curing nausea and can be easily found in any household kitchen. This is one of the best home remedies for nausea.
This is another beautiful herb that can help cure nausea. Its wonderful when it comes to treating an upset stomach. It has a pleasant aroma which can soothe and take away the feeling to vomit. It can be eaten raw or taken as a flavoring agent in tea or biscuits. Or it can be directly applied as peppermint oil. A really fresh home remedy for nausea.
Applying Cold Compress
Applying moderately cool compress can very easily help the feeling of queasiness that people get when they are nauseous. Get a cool compress-an ice pack that’s been sitting out for a few minutes is fine, a washcloth dunked in cool water, or a compress you’ve made yourself. Take up one of the above positions. If lying down, place the compress under your neck. If sitting, drape it across the back of your neck
One may think this is a bad idea since drinking fluids may worsen the nausea. This is not particularly true. On the other hand, excessive vomiting due to nausea can lead to dehydration in the body which is much worse condition to be in. Make sure to drink lots and lots of water. It will help with the feeling of uneasiness that comes with nausea. Mix some lemon drops in it with some rock salt for added flavor. The best easiest home remedy for nausea.
Use these simple home remedies for nausea and treat it immediately. All these home remedies for nausea are easy to use and simple to get in your local store.