Infectious Mononucleosis or simply “Mono” for short is a disease caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Its also called “kissing disease” because its spread by saliva. It usually occurs in teenagers but can happen to anyone. It has other names as well which are not so popular like Filatov’s disease, Pfeiffer’s Disease, Glandular Disease. It is a member of the family of the Herpes Virus.
It is generally transmitted through kissing since saliva is the main source of communication in this case. But it can also spread by eating contaminated food or using utensils shared with the infected person. Its not as contagious as other diseases of the same family. Generally the disease goes away on its own. Infact most adults have contracted this disease and have also developed anti-bodies for it. However, it is very much possible to develop chronic Mononucleosis which can last for more than two to three weeks.
There are also chances to get recurring Mononucleosis, i.e the symptoms come back again even after being cured. This is especially true in the case of weakened immune system.
It is very important for you to be careful of certain complications that can arise from mono, such as an enlarged spleen or liver problems. Some of the less severe complications that have also been known to arise from the EBV include anemia, thrombocytopenia, heart inflammation, encephalitis, meningitis, Guillain-Barre syndrome and swollen tonsils.
Mononucleosis symptoms don’t appear all of a sudden. It has an incubation period of 4-8 weeks before the symptoms are visible. There are various number of symptoms, some are enumerated below:
1: Appearance of rashes on the skin
2: Breathing Difficulty
7: Severe Sore Throat
8: Swollen Tonsils
9: Swollen Lymph Nodes In The Neck
10: Enlargement Of The Spleen
11: Enlargement Of The Liver
14: Night Sweats
15: Extremely Intense Headaches
Infants and babies may also suffer from this disease. In those cases, the symptoms are more subtle. Babies may become irritable and also refuse to drink or eat.
The main culprit or instigator of this disease is the Epstein-Barr Virus or EBV for short. When virus enters the healthy cells, it introduces its own DNA or RNA material into it. This helps the virus gain complete control of the cell functions. It then uses the cell power source, that is the Mitochondria to replicate copies of it self. These copies then move on to infect other healthy cells. This keeps repeating until the body’s immune system destroys the virus or/and develops immunity to it.
The Epstein-Barr virus is a member of the herpes virus family. Epstein-Barr virus is a common virus to which more than 90% of the population has been exposed over the course of a life time. In those who do not show immunity to the virus, it may produce infectious mononucleosis, particularly in adolescents and adults. The Epstein-Barr virus has also been shown or theorized to cause a number of diseases such as some cancers and some autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis.
As mentioned earlier, the incubation period for this virus is 4-8 weeks before it starts affecting the body. They generally go away after 2-3 weeks.
Once a person has been affected by the virus, he/she will forever have traces of the virus present in their body. What this means is that the immune system can never fully remove them from the body and the remaining ones lie dormant in the body. The virus in the dormant state, stops replicating and enters into a sleep mode. This is the best time for medication.
There is no conclusive evidence as to how long the infected person can transmit the disease after the symptoms have subsided. Some studies suggest its around 18 months are the first symptoms arise.
The diagnosis is generally done with a blood test and full analysis of patient medical history. The typical symptoms of Mononucleosis is not enough since they are caused by other medical conditions as well. So the blood test is necessary. If the tests show the presence of 50% white blood cells with 10% of them being abnormal, then proper diagnosis can made with the relevant symptoms. Also, presence of high levels of a certain type of liver enzyme called, “Transaminase” can also indicate it in about 50% of the patients.
There is also something called as “differential diagnosis”. This is done because about 10% of people who are tested positive for infectious mononucleosis do not have an acute case of Epstein-Barr viral infection. In this differential diagnosis for Mononucleosis, certain other factors are taken into consideration which are to look for “acute cytomegalovirus” infection and “Toxoplasma Gondii”. Since management for all these conditions are same, therefore its not easy to make proper distinctions between them. But this distinction is very important in case of pregnant ladies since it carries significant risk factors for the fetus.
It has no proper well defined cure. Since most of its symptoms are self-limiting, they go away on their own after some time. Medications are given for the additional symptoms that arise with it.
Certain medications like “Paracetamol” or NSAIDs like “Ibuprofen” are used to reduce pain and fever. Prednisone which is a Corticosteroid is commonly used as an anti-inflammatory to reduce pyrangeal pain or enlarged tonsils. Their uses are rather limited though since their benefits are not huge and the side affects are extreme.
Anti-virals are not really recommended for Mononucleosis, recent studies have shown that the anti-viral drug known as “Valacyclovir” has reduced or eliminated the presence of Epstein-Barr virus in subjects suffering from acute Mononucleosis. This also led to significant decrease in symptoms.
Natural Remedies For Mononucleosis
Even if you have this horrible disease, use the given natural remedies for mononucleosis to treat your condition naturally and effectively.
Drink Lots Of Fluids
The best way to counter this is disease is to be always hydrated. Drinking ample fluids helps keep the body detoxify which helps in diminishing the symptoms quicker. Detoxification also helps strengthen the immune system which will make the body more resistant to further attacks. Some beverage options can be herbal tea and lemon juice. Also fenugreek and ginger tea can be a god option. These are some of the best natural remedies for mononucleosis.
Take Ample Bed Rest
Patients suffering from Mononucleosis should take ample bed rest. Giving the body proper time to recover is very important. Strenuous movement and heavy exertion should be avoided since it can rupture the spleen leading to further complications. It is a simple yet effective natural remedy for mononucleosis.
Gargling With Salt Water
Since a throat infection can very easily aggravate Mononucleosis, proper throat care must be taken. Gargling with salt water every morning takes care of this problem. In some instances, the throat may get irritated so sucking on sweet candy or ice can give relief. It is a simple and easy natural remedy for mononucleosis.
Coconut oil is very effective in combating Mononucleosis. It contains a certain acid called “Lauric Acid’ which works wonders in destroying the Epstein virus. This helps decrease the recovery time from this disease. Use this simple natural remedy for mononucleosis for effective results.
This little wonder from mother nature is a bag of cures. Garlic has tons of natural anti-viral properties which help is tackling a myriad of diseases. Garlic can be consumed raw or crushed and eaten as paste or in many other ways. Use this simple and natural home remedy for mononucleosis to treat your condition effectively.
Cranberry juice is a very good remedy for mononucleosis. Drink cranberry juice with no extra sugar added to it. Take 30 ml juice at one time. The juice should be fresh. Do this remedy for one week.
The given natural remedies for mononucleosis are simple and effective, helping you to cure your condition naturally. Use these in your daily life to stop your condition from worsening and healing yourself for better, with these all inclusive natural remedies for mononucleosis.